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On This Day

  • American settlers in Mexican Texas made the first attempt to secede from Mexico, establishing the short-lived Republic of Fredonia.
  • The Rochdale Pioneers, usually considered the first successful co-operative enterprise, opened their store in Rochdale, England, and formed the basis for the modern co-operative movement.
  • Nepal and the United Kingdom signed a treaty, the first to define the international status of Nepal as an independent and a sovereign nation.
  • The United Nations adopted the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, which 87 member nations have since signed.
  • Mexico's PopocatĂ©petl volcano, dormant for 47 years, began erupting, and is now the nation's most active volcano.

Audio content relating to events that happened on this day in history, according to Wikipedia.

In the News

  • India's Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk III successfully completes its first flight, carrying the crew vehicle demonstrator CARE.
  • U.S. aid worker Alan Gross and three members of the Cuban Five are released by Cuba and the United States, respectively, as both nations move to resume diplomatic relations.
  • In an effort to curtail the rapid decline of the ruble, the Central Bank of Russia raises interest rates to 17%.
  • At least 141 people are killed as Taliban gunmen storm a school in Peshawar, Pakistan.
  • Gunman Man Haron Monis and two hostages are killed when a siege ends at a cafĂ© in Sydney.
  • In Japan, the Liberal Democratic Party and Komeito coalition secures a two-thirds majority following a snap general election.

Audio content relating to news items featured on the front page of Wikipedia today.